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Turning Tool Nomenclature

Understanding naming conventions for turning tools is interesting, but know that there are no rules about when to use each tool. Take a look at the job at hand and pick a tool that will do the job—no matter what it's called.

Right Hand Turning Tool

Right hand cutting A right-hand cutting tool removes metal when moving from right to left. This is the most common turning activity, cutting towards the lathe chuck. The cutting edge is on the left side. Tools where the second letter is "R" are right-hand tools.

Always cut with the point of the insert. The tool shown is at the proper angle for turning to a 90-degree shoulder. Move right to left to turn the diameter, then move the tool out to face the 90-degree shoulder.

Left Hand Turning Tool

A left-hand cutting tool removes material when moving from left to right. This tool cuts away from the lathe chuck. The cutting edge is on the right side. Tools where the second letter is "L" are left-hand tools.

Always cut with the point of the insert. The tool shown is at the proper angle for turning to a 90-degree shoulder. Move left to right to turn the diameter, then move the tool out to face the 90-degree shoulder.

Right hand cutting

AR Tool Bit

AR Indexable Tool
AR Brazed Tool
The AR-style tool has a 0-degree side cutting angle for general machining applications such as turning, facing, and chamfering. It's suitable for machining to a 90-degree shoulder. The cutting edge is on the left for right-to-left feed.

AL Tool Bit

AL Indexable Tool
AL Brazed Tool
The AL-style tool has a 0-degree side cutting angle for general machining applications such as turning, facing, and chamfering. It's suitable for machining to a 90-degree shoulder. The cutting edge is on the right for left-to-right feed.

BR Tool Bit

BR Indexable Tool The BR tool bit has a 15-degree side cutting angle for roughing or heavy machining when turning and facing. The BR-style tool shape has a lead angle that distributes the cutting load for interrupted or irregular cuts and gradual entrance to the workpiece. The cutting edge is on the left for right-to-left feed. The off side is at a 45-degree angle, which is handy for chamfering.

BL Tool Bit

BL Indexable Tool The BL tool bit has a 15-degree side cutting angle for roughing or heavy machining when turning and facing. The BL-style tool shape has a lead angle that distributes the cutting load for interrupted or irregular cuts and gradual entrance to the workpiece. The cutting edge is on the right for left-to-right feed. The off side is at a 45-degree angle, which is handy for chamfering.

E Tool Bit

E Indexable Tool The E tool bit has a neutral cutting direction and a sharp tip with a 60-degree angle for threading. It can also be used for chamfering, notching, V-grooving, and undercutting.

 

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